Hazardous Waste Services

Hazardous Waste Pharmaceuticals
 Hazardous Waste Management Icon

Many facilities receive fines for improper management of hazardous waste. These fines are often due to improper waste determination. Instead of making the determination on site, facilities will ship wastes to a central location for determination which bypasses the site determination requirements. These wastes regulated under the Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA) can include pharmaceuticals, shampoos, cleaning agents and other chemicals. Hazardous waste also includes items that have been returned by customers such as nail polish, glue and other commonly used personal care products.

In addition, storage of wastes can be mismanaged. Many aspects of waste regulations, including storage, are determined by generator classification which includes Large Quantity Generator (LQG), Small Quantity Generator (SQG) or Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG). When waste storage limits are met, if the waste is not transported for treatment, the facility risks moving to a higher generator classification, which results in increased regulations including documentation.

Hazardous Waste Determination


Help generators determine if the waste meets RCRA’s definitions of P-listed, F-listed or U-listed, or if it exhibits waste characteristics.

Hazardous Waste Storage


Implement a program with containment solutions that promote compliance with both EPA and DOT regulations on storage volumes and time limits.

Hazardous Waste Transportation


Determine cost-effective methods for transporting waste based on regulations and waste type. Transportation is a major cost factor.

Hazardous Waste Treatment


Ensure regulatory-compliant treatment or recycling when applicable. In order to meet your facility’s cradle to grave responsibility, proof of final treatment is available for your records.

Hazardous waste management programs for CESQG & SQG, such as:

  • Retailers
  • Retail Pharmacies
  • Long Term Care Facilities
  • Compounding Pharmacies
  • Dental Offices
  • Medical Offices
  • Veterinarian Clinics
  • Retail Clincis
  • Schools and Universities



Products and materials are considered hazardous wastes when discarded or as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines it, "no longer of value." This could occur when the material has expired as is the case with drugs; or when it is no longer needed, as with mercury-containing thermostats. The EPA developed four lists of specific wastes (Listed Wastes) and four types of wastes with defining characteristics (Characteristic Wastes) to help determine specific hazards.


K-Listed wastes are source-specific and generally not found in healthcare facilities.

F-Listed wastes are non-specific source wastes and may be present in healthcare facility morgues or maintenance shops.

P-Listed wastes are acutely toxic and include multiple pharmaceuticals and other materials found in healthcare facilities. Examples of P-Listed wastes:

  • Warfarin & salts (concentration > 0.3%)
  • Epinephrine
  • Nicotine & salts
  • Physostigmine

U-Listed wastes are toxic and include many pharmaceuticals and other materials such as commercial chemical products used in healthcare facilities. Examples of U-Listed wastes in the healthcare setting are (but not limited to):

  • Reserpine
  • Warfarin (concentration ≤ 0.3%)
  • Acetyl Chloride
  • Ethyl Ether

Characteristic Wastes are wastes that do not fall under any of the listed wastes but that exhibit the characteristics of:

  • Ignitability - wastes that can readily catch fire and maintain combustion
  • Corrosivity - wastes that are acidic or alkaline (basic)
  • Reactivity - wastes that readily explode or undergo violent reactions or react by releasing toxic gases or fumes
  • Toxicity - wastes likely to leach dangerous concentrations of toxic chemicals into groundwater